Great Permi Legume Tree/Plant List

All Nitrogen Fixers Are Not Created Equal

EASTERN FOREST REGION USA

  HIGH NITROGEN MEDIUM NITROGEN LOW NITROGEN
TREES, NATIVE   Robinia pseudoacacia Catalpa speciosa (*), Gladitsia aquatica (*), Gymnocladus dioicus (*)
TREES, NON-NATIVE Alnus glutinosa, Elaeagnus angustifolia Albizia julibrussin  
SHRUBS, NATIVE   Alnus incana, A. maritima, A. serrulata, Amorpha fruticosa, A. glabra, Elaeagnus commutata, Morella pensylvanica (=Myrica), Senna marilandica, Shepherdia argentea, S. canadensis Acacia constricta, Alnus viridis crispa, A. incana rugosa, Ceanothus americanus, Comptonia perigrina, Myrica gale,
SHRUBS, NON-NATIVE Cytisus scoparius Caragana arborescens, Elaeagnus umbellata  
VINES, NATIVE   Apios americana, Lathyrus japonicus, Wisteria frutescens Vicia americana
VINES, NON-NATIVE Pueraria lobata (**) Lathyrus tuberosus, Vicia cracca Vicia sativa
HERBS, NATIVE Dalea candida Amorpha canescens, Dalea formosa, Dryas octopetala, Lespedeza hirta, L. capitata, Hedysarum boreale Astragalus canadensis, Baptisia tinctoria, Dalea purpurea, Desmanthus illinoiensis, Desmodium paniculatum, D. perplexum, D. tortuosum, Glycyrrhiza lepidota,
HERBS, NON-NATIVE Astragalus cicer, Medicago sativa, Trifolium repens Lotus corniculatus, Melilotus indicus, Securigera varia (=Coronilla), Trifolium pratense  

*Reports vary on the ability of this species to fix nitrogen but it is identified as doing so in USDA Plants Database, it may be an error.

**235 kg/ha/yr or 207 pounds/acre. Hickman, Jonathan E., Shiliang Wu, Loretta J. Mickey, and Manuel T. Lerdau. “Kudzu (‘‘Pueraria Montana’’) Invasion Doubles Emissions of Nitric Oxide and Increases Ozone Pollution.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 107.22, 10115-10119, 2010.

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